Believes in the separation of religion and state.
“There is no compulsion in matters of religion.”
Holy Qur'an 2:257
Theocracies are contrary to the spirit of Islam. True Islam teaches that political leadership must not be partisan to any particular people, but must rather respect the beliefs and preferences of all peoples. There is no place in Islam for imposing one religious view on anyone else. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, established this as the ruler of Medina, where he guaranteed equal citizenship and self-determination to the various different ethnic and religious groups in the city at that time.